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Deer Hunting in Canada

When those that are new to the sport of hunting think of deer, the whitetail deer usually comes to mind first. It is one of the most commonly hunted of the big game and can be found in every one of the Canadian Provinces. The big whitetails are typically found in the northern regions where size matters when it comes to survival. The further south one goes, the smaller the deer get. Most hunters are looking for the big trophy rack. In order to find big deer with monster racks hunters must hunt where the whitetail deer are permitted to live long enough lives so they can develop the monster antlers.

Alberta province is well known as the best chance for hunters of whitetail deer trophy antlers to achieve their goal. Here the whitetail grows large though many other provinces as well as some of the United States have been seeing bucks that are larger than in the past.

About the Whitetail Rack

There are a few factors that come into play when we talk about rack size. A buck needs to have an adequate supply of minerals and food that not only supports growth of the antlers, but their body as well. Genetics also has a role in the size of a buck’s antler as does his age. Bucks usually sport their biggest antlers during their fourth or fifth year. They don’t grow a good set of antlers until their third year when their body is finished growing. Once a buck has his sixth birthday, his teeth become worn and subsequently are unable to process food the way he did when he was younger. The rack of the deer goes downhill from there. Hunters need to seek out provinces where a whitetail deer can have the chance to reach his fifth year if he is looking for the best trophy.

Mule Deer in Canada

The second most popular deer hunted in Canada is the mule deer. Mule deer are found in the northwestern Canadian provinces. Often hunters can find a good number of mule deer where whitetail deer can be found. The mule deer is said to have received his name because of the size of his ears. The mule deer is typically larger than whitetails and tend to inhabit higher regions if at all possible. Hunters usually use the same methods that they use for hunting whitetail, but to be successful, most seasoned hunters use the technique of spot and stalk.

Canadian Antelope

Those that are interested in hunting the Canadian Antelope must do so in the southern regions of Saskatchewan and Alberta. Though the population of antelope is relatively small in those areas, those that hire outfitters usually have a high rate of success. It is typical for hunters to stalk antelope when they are hunting for mule deer. Antelope do not have antler racks like other deer species; instead they have a horn that is shaped like a lyre. The horn of a male pronghorn antelope can grow to a length of up to twenty inches and it typically has a short prong that juts upward and forward at half the length of the base. The pronghorn antelope is unusual because they shed their horn unlike other animals.

Facts about the Canadian Red Deer

The red deer of Canada boasts the distinction of being the largest of the wild animals in the country. A stag at maturity will stand approximately four feet at his shoulder. He can weigh as much as 300 pounds. Not only does he have a proud bearing, but he sports a magnificent set of antlers. They are long, spiky and hard. A red deer that sports antlers of approximately 36 inches is considered having a good trophy or head.

Feral red deer usually don’t sport antlers with more than 14 points, but those that are captive bred have been known to have pointers of as many as twenty eight. Yearly in the months of March and April, they shed their antlers. As soon as the old rack is shed, they begin growing a new set right away and by July they reach their maturity.

Best Techniques when Deer Hunting

Deer are smart and have an excellent sense of smell. One of the best methods for hunting deer is to scout before the hunting season so that the hunter can get to know the trails that are used and their feeding patterns. If you are scouting during hunting season, you are well advised to use scent spray so they cannot detect the smell of humans. Another piece of advice is not to walk the same trail repeatedly. Deer scare easily and if they become frightened by frequent human invasion, they will move to other areas.

Another popular method for stalking and hunting deer is to build a blind or a stand. Typically a stand is built in the trees and the hunter is out of sight of his prey. The scent of a hunter is better dispersed the higher he is as well. It is also recommended that when hunting from a stand that camouflage clothing is worn so that the hunter blends in with the branches and leaves of the tree and his silhouette is not as obvious. The blind is built on the ground. Natural blinds are best using materials such as hay bales, brush and deadfalls. Pop up blinds have become popular especially among bow hunters.

King Buck Safaris

This outfitter has lodges in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. They have claimed the prize of being responsible for a hunter bagging a typical 8X8 whitetail deer in the wild. Joe Lurch of Wall N.J. made the official kill. Experts say that bagging a deer of this size is extremely rare. So if you are looking for an outfitter that has a proven track record of aiding hunters in bagging big trophy deer, you may want to look into King Buck Safaris.

Deer Hunting, Tourism and Economics

In the past, people hunted deer for food and used almost every part of the deer for their survival. Today, most hunters are hunting for the sheer pleasure of the hunt and are looking for antlers that can be mounted and boasted about. Though most hunters eat their kill, it is no longer a necessity.

The deer hunting seasons are vital to many economies as hunters flood popular hunting areas. They hire guides, outfitters, buy supplies and rent lodges. They are an important source of income for many of the Canadian provinces. Hunting is not just grabbing a gun or a bow. It is a complex sport that requires patience, perseverance and a number of skills so that a hunter can kill an intelligent animal that is swift on its feet.
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